Endophthalmitis - Inner Eye Infection
The iris is the colored part of your eye. The iris contains two sets of muscles. The muscles work to make the pupil of your eye larger or smaller. The pupil is the black circle in the center of your iris. It changes size to allow more or less light to enter your eye.
After light comes through the pupil, it enters the lens. The lens is a clear curved disc. Muscles adjust the curve in the lens to focus clear images on the retina. The retina is at the back of your eye.
Your inner eye or the space between the posterior chamber behind the lens and the retina is the vitreous body. It is filled with a clear gel substance that gives the eye its shape. Light rays pass through the gel on their way from the lens to the retina.
The infectious organisms enter the eye through the bloodstream, a surgical incision, or an eye injury. Bacterial sepsis, “blood poisoning,” or defective heart valves can lead to endophthalmitis. Bacteria can gain entry to the inner eye during surgical procedures, such as cataract or glaucoma surgery. It may also result from infection related to surgery anywhere in the body. Other causes of endophthalmitis include intravenous (IV) drug administration and eye injury.
Significant loss of vision is a possibility and in the worst case scenario loss of the eye itself is possible.
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The iHealthSpot patient education library was written collaboratively by the iHealthSpot editorial team which includes Senior Medical Authors Dr. Mary Car-Blanchard, OTD/OTR/L and Valerie K. Clark, and the following editorial advisors: Steve Meadows, MD, Ernie F. Soto, DDS, Ronald J. Glatzer, MD, Jonathan Rosenberg, MD, Christopher M. Nolte, MD, David Applebaum, MD, Jonathan M. Tarrash, MD, and Paula Soto, RN/BSN. This content complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information. The library commenced development on September 1, 2005 with the latest update/addition on April 13th, 2016. For information on iHealthSpot’s other services including medical website design, visit www.iHealthSpot.com.